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sepia EYE: Bhupendra Karia: India 1968-1974

Bhupendra Karia: India 1968-1974

Bhupendra Karia, <i>Population Crisis B.45.70, Bombay,</i> early 1970s. Vintage Silver print
Bhupendra Karia, Population Crisis B.45.70, Bombay, early 1970s. Vintage Silver print

sepiaEYE is honored to present Bhupendra Karia / India 1968-1974 with selected work from the Karia Estate. This exhibition is composed of two projects, Selections from the Portfolio and Population Crisis. The photographs are deeply steeped in both cultural awareness and personal vision, reflecting Bhupendra Karia’s ethereal yet formally rigorous photographic eye.

Bhupendra Karia (1936-1994) was known not just as a photographer, but also as an artist, teacher, theorist and curator. Following his graduation in 1956 from Sir J.J. College of Art in Bombay, where he concentrated on painting, graphics, and history, he studied history and aesthetics at Tokyo University of Fine Arts. It was in Japan that Karia received his photographic education, along with a strong understanding of Ukiyo-e woodblock printmaking and Japanese architecture. He returned to India as a well-versed photographic image-maker. With a keen interest in traditional crafts and village culture, Karia spoke of “listening to India with one’s eyes.”

After teaching in and heading photography and graphic arts departments at the University of Southern California and the University of Baroda in the mid 1960s, Karia began to focus more and more exclusively on photography. Echoing earlier trips he had taken in rural India to make stone rubbings, Karia undertook extensive photographic journeys in the second half of the 1960s and early 1970s, traveling for weeks, sometimes months at a time, covering, by his accounts, some 80,000 miles across India’s rural landscape. Karia’s early motivations for these trips seem to have been fueled by an anthropological impulse to explore and record rural India and its native creative traditions–textiles, pottery, and architectural decoration. As he spent more time in the villages and countryside, Karia began to broaden the context of his work, weaving together observations of rural and small town Indian life with larger concerns about social, political and environmental challenges facing contemporary India.

Drawn to a like-minded photographer, Karia sought out Cornell Capa, who would become his mentor and friend. The project — Population Crisis was a commission series for Cornell University’s International Population Program and Capa’s International Fund for Concerned Photography. Capa went on to enlist Karia’s collaboration in establishing the International Center of Photography in New York in 1974. Karia held many positions at ICP including Curator, Director of Special Projects, and Associate Director. Ultimately, Karia would publish over 15 titles and curate over 45 exhibitions.

Applying his curatorial eye to his own work in the mid 1970s, Karia painstakingly winnowed his oeuvre of a quarter million images to a selection of 74 photographs held in a portfolio that he called “the meager harvest of my first 20 years in photography.” No longer were the photographs understood within the context of social analysis, nor were they intended to appeal to primarily photojournalistic narrative expectations. Instead, they were chosen and printed to meet aesthetic standards and to reveal what Karia felt was his unique understanding of India. The resulting portfolio (twenty of which are represented in this exhibition) reflects his struggle to reconcile the photograph’s communicative role and its aesthetics; the reproducibility of the photograph and the singularity of the fine print; a truthful expression of India and his own unique, subjective vision.

Karia’s photographic works have been collected by the Museum of Modern Art, New York; Fogg Museum, Harvard University, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi; Museum of Contemporary Art, Milan, Italy and private collections internationally.

This exhibition is co-curated by Paul Sternberger, Associate Professor of Art History, Rutgers University–Newark and Esa Epstein.

Exhibition Dates: February 4 – March 19, 2016
Bhupendra Karia: India 1968-1974
Press Release (PDF)
Opening Reception: Thursday, February 4th, 6-8 pm

Lecture: Dr. Paul Sternberger at ICP
Wednesday, March 16th, from 7pm. Tickets available at icp.org

sepiaEYE

547 West 27th Street, #608, New York, NY 10001

Press:
5 February 2016, Musée Magazine – Opening Reception Photos
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25 February 2016, Fotophile, Bhupendra Karia: Listening to India with One’s Eyes
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4 March 2016, ArtForum, Ratik Asokan
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6 March 2016, Wall Street Journal, William Meyers
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7 March 2016, Hyperallergic, Bansie Vasvani
A Chronicler of Poverty in Post-Independence India Who Found Dignity in the Details
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8 March 2016, L’Oeil de la Photographie, Anna Winand
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11 March 2016, Art Radar

16 March 2016 The New York Times, Holland Cotter
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